India is a country with many cultures and languages. As per the studies, there are more than 20 languages spoken in this small country. That’s the reason India is different from all other countries. There is no restriction and freedom of expression is at its best when compared to any other part of the world. Tamil is a language which known as one of the oldest languages of India. Tamil is a Dravidian language and it is spoken by the people of Tamil Nadu. But Tamil is one of the main languages of Sri Lanka, Malaysia, and Singapore. These countries have given the Tamil Language an official status. Tamil is spoken in some parts of Kerala, Karnataka, Andhra, Telangana, Andaman Nicobar Islands and Pondicherry people. Tamil is one of the scheduled languages of India.
Various researches done by institutes across the globe showcase that Tamil is one of the oldest languages of the world. Tamil is the only traditional language which was able to stay alive for these many years. Tamil is the 20th language in the world which spoken by the most number of people. At Adichandanallur, archaeologists found 500 BC old Tamil inscriptions. At Samanamalai, 2100 years old Tamil writings were found. Tamil literature is world famous and it’s been treated as one the best classics. The quality of Tamil literature is the best in India and abroad.
Researchers reveal that Tamil has 3 parts – one is old Tamil Language which starts from 300 BC to 300 AD. Second is Middle Tamil which is from 700 to 1600 AD and the last is modern Tamil from 1600 to present. It is to be believed that Tamil was created by Lord Shiva according to Hindu myths. Lord Muruga is considered as the Tamil God.
Photo by ramnath bhat
Tamil literature is more than 2000 years old and one of the oldest around the world. Sangam literature in the Tamil Language is the oldest which was written in 300 BC to AD 300. It is the oldest Dravidian language literature. The records of Archaeology department of India show that in the 3rd century BC more than 50% of the messages were written in the Tamil language. Some of the Tamil inscriptions were found there in Sri Lanka also. Even in some of the goods traded to Egypt and Thailand were in written Tamil. UNESCO Memory of the World register had noted that two oldest manuscripts of India were written in Tamil.
Tamil is the first ever language of India which was written and published in 1578 by the Portuguese missionaries. The University of Madras published the first Tamil Language dictionary which was known to be the first in Indian languages. It was named as ‘Tamil Lexicon’. According to the latest surveys, there are 1862 newspapers currently published in Tamil. Tamil poets, writers, and artists are very famous around the world.
Tamil Language Vs Sanskrit and Malayalam
Photo by ideowl
Sanskrit has some of the Tamil words in it. This fact leads to the conception that Tamil could be the oldest language in India and even in the World. Malayalam is the only language which has some resemblance with Tamil in words. From the 9th century onwards, both these languages started deviating and Malayalam took many centuries to complete its evolution. According to Bhadriraju Krisnamurthi, Tamil was spoken by the people living in the lower part of the Godavari River in India from around the 3rd century. Material evidence shows that speakers from Proto-Dravidians had the culture and lifestyle of south Indians. Some of the Tamil literature is older than Sanskrit literature.
A Recent survey by one company called Worldblaze.in has listed Tamil as the oldest language in the world. Tamil has its own flair and power to communicate your feelings effectively to the listener.