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Madhubani fine art is unique of the finest fine art in India’s rich artistic society. The origin of this art is initially raised in the Mithila area and bounding villages, towns in Madhubani locality of Bihar. It is trained in the Bihar area since ages and has picked up specialist attentions, people who are crazy about art and historians all over the world. It is trusted that Madhubani art paintings initiated at the seasons of Ramayana. In the sacred writings, King Janak had called painters or artists to record the compositions of the marriage of his little girl Sita which gave growth to these types of paintings.

Customarily the village women will practice this type of art. At the time of any festival of the ritual occasion, these paintings will be painted by the women on walls of the houses then huts. The flawlessly painted bright walls were demonstrative of certain sacred function, merry season or great times and significant events.

The painting themes will be commonly used folk otherwise mythical. The art of Kobhar that is normally done in marriage/wedding rooms of the walls, these paintings are said to bless the newly married couple. The dominant theme of greatest of the Madhubani paintings is love then lushness. The paintings, in general, portray the shapes of divinities, Spirits, features in natural surroundings, humans plus animals as well as particular geometrical figures. As the paintings are been limited to a certain geographical kind, the themes along by the stylishness are, roughly, the same.

Beside from the life story of Raman and Sita, Krishnan and Radha, Stories as of the life of Krishna, Mahabharata and Ramayana are regularly used by the painters. On the walls, you can see a painting of Lord Shiva along with Shakti, Goddess Kali, Goddess Durga, Lord Ganesha, etc and prospects of social occasions appear on the walls. The flower-patterned, animal and bird themes will create the backgrounds of these paintings so hardly you will don’t find any empty space that will be left out without painting. The humanoid shapes are abstract as well as linear in form. You will not find shaving technique here in Madhubani Art. The outlines are carefully created with double lines; the spaces amongst the lines are at times completed with a cross or else straight lines.


These wall paintings turn out to be a profit-making activity that is why they conveyed the paintings in handmade paper, canvas, silk materials, even in greeting cards, and then in dress materials etc. Initially, at the time when these fine arts has created the colors used was natural colors, however in recent times it has been changed to synthetic colors which are obtainable in plenty are used.

By: Raj Gopal Singh Verma – CC BY 2.0

The brush that is been used for Madhubani paintings of Bihar is been made up of cotton, which will be wrapped around a bamboo stick. In the beginning, homemade natural colors were used, but now mostly synthetic colors that are available in plenty are used. The colors are generally dark red, blue, mild black, both light as well as dark green, brown, light pink and bright yellow.

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The specialty of the Madhubani art form is you cannot find rooms that are usually represented by white or as said above there is no blank space is left out in the design. As soon as the main figures are drawn in the drawing, the remaining of the area is enclosed with certain geometrical pictures similar to triangles, squares, lines, etc.

The exact meaning of Madhubani is known as honey from forests. The title itself shows its origins to the rustic culture. Although Madhubani art is existent ever since ages, it acquired the responsiveness and appreciation it received only in the earlier 30-40 years.

Featured Image Photo by chamko rani

Madhubani Art- The Ancient Art Form Of Indian Paintings

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