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Earth is the only planet fit for survival. Yes! But there are a few places within the earth itself which hold some historical secrets. There are lost villages, lost islands and may be even lost continents! Such land surfaces once witnessed a buzzling civilization, but now lay beneath land or sea in silence. One such majestic kingdom is “Lemuria”. Though there are quite a few evidences, the existence of Lemuria is widely debated. A few researches classify this continent as hypothetical or mythical, but there are few others which prove its presence with solid evidences.

The concept of “Lemuria”

The continent of Lemuria is believed to have existed south of Tamil Nadu, in the Indian ocean. It extended from Tamil Nadu downwards south and covered Australia along south-east and Madagascar along south-west. The concept of existence of Lemuria was introduced by the zoologists of late 19th century. However, it was discarded and overshadowed by other concepts such as plate tectonics and continental drifts and hence striking out any chances of a large landmass submerged under sea.


Around 1880’s, zoological scientists found out striking similarities among fossils unearthed from Madagascar and India. As the two land masses are separated by sea, there are no chances of mammals swimming across large oceans. So, a huge land mass must have existed from south India up to Madagascar (Africa). There were other findings about fossils and sediments across several continents separated by oceans and this led to the theory of Lemuria. So, Lemuria must have existed around several million years ago and sunk under sea, may be due to oceanic catastrophe such as Tsunami.

Theories of Tamil authors

After the introduction of Lemuria, Tamil scholars adapted this theory and used it as a tool to explain a lost kingdom mentioned in ancient Tamil literature. According to several ancient Tamil notes, the famous academy of Tamil literature called Tamil sangam used to hold a meeting to publish Tamil works. The first Tamil sangam was held at “Then Madurai”, a mythical land which was believed to be submerged under the Indian ocean. All golden Tamil literature published by first Tamil sangam was lost to sea.

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The second Tamil sangam held at “Kavatapuram” also faced a natural disaster losing its published works to sea. The publications of third Tamil sangam held at Madurai survive till date. This data about lost texts and lost lands was linked with the discovery of Lemuria concept. Tamil scholars supported the possibility of Lemuria and named it as “Kumari kandam”, which means the continent of Kumari. This extends southwards from Kanyakumari, the southernmost tip of India.

Kumari kandam

The possibility of existence of Kumari kandam is high as there are evidences about a large sea mass, inhabited by a Tamil speaking population, submerged under the Indian ocean. If it was true, then Kumari kandam must have been the host state of first two Tamil sangam assemblies led by the Pandyan rulers. This also answers the theory of Tamil being one of the most ancient languages of the world. This Kumari kandam would have been occupied by a highly educated Tamil population including great poets and authors. Kumari kandam is also referred to as Kumari nadu or Tamilagam and it is believed to have ruled by the Pandyas.


Kumari kandam is formulated as a link to connect missing pieces of history. Being a part of India, it hosts many secrets about one of the oldest civilizations of the world. Though outdated by the concepts of plate tectonics and continental drift, the possible presence of Kumari kandam or Lemuria still continues to fascinate Tamil authors and readers.

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