Indian wedding other called to be the “Vivaah means superior dedication “ is the ancient custom that represents majesty, ritual, colors then decorative celebrations connected through the sacred occasion.
In India wedding is celebrated as the ritual where a strong and secure union between two souls combining into one. Marriage not only denotes the foundation of two bonds between them, also the bonding of two families their relation as well. Weddings in India celebrate marriage as a sacrament, a firm union of two souls merging into one. It not only represents the formation of a bond between two people but the uniting of two families as well. The clues after the tradition of the wedding are to stand-in not self-regard, but then again love and care for the complete family. The Hindu marriage ceremony emphasizes three vital ethics: happiness, accord, and development.
These wedding celebrations can last up to four or five days depending on their religious customs and rituals. Hindu marriage rituals are spirited, also each and every marriage have its own discrete significance.
Before Wedding Customs
Indian marriages imply many things apart from decoration, attire, entertainment, interesting wedding organizers, Mehendi arts, and pleasant flowers. Customary Hindu rituals might more than five days to finish all the customs. And the customs that takes place before the wedding also plays a vital role in the wedding celebration.
Roka and Sagai
Roka is nothing but the engagement that is happening before all the marriage. Actually, Roka means stop in Hindi, so this is the function which is similar to a get together of the families with friends and relatives and a symbolic way of telling that they have stopped searching for the match of their children’s.
Sagai is also one the ritual, where the bride and bridegroom exchange beautiful rings among them to seal the union between them. This function will be conducted only after the Roka has been celebrated. Maybe it can be done after a week or month of Roka however before the actual marriage date.
Mehendi ritual is the interesting and main ritual among all the wedding ceremonies. This celebration is done in bride home that too before marriage and the attended by the close family member and friends. This is a colorful event where the professional mehndi walis are asked to come and beautify the bride’s hand as well as feet by elaborate henna designs that symbolize happiness, magnificence, divine awakening and offering.
At the time of Mehendi, it is a custom to hide the names of the bride inside the design of bride’s hands. The wedding night will not commence until the names have been found by the groom.
This ceremony is celebrated in both the bride as well as the groom, where this ritual involves applying the turmeric paste over their hands and feet. This is because they should look bright and have an even tone so that is why it is been applied few days before the wedding. According to the Indian tradition, from Haldi till the wedding the bride and groom are not allowed to see each other.
Sangeet is filled with entertainment, music and fun. Similar to Mehendi, this is also a close family get-together that included all-night cheerfulness. At the present time, the sangeet is celebrated grandly. The family members will perform a variety of song and dance and the Bride and Bridegroom are introduced to the entire family.
As said earlier Hindu people will see marriage as more that than the union of two individuals. Also, marriages are the beginning of their lives committed to love, understanding as well as spiritual progress so there must be fun and celebration should be involved.
Starting from welcoming the Bride and Bridegroom to the mandap till the last ritual of the wedding it is followed traditional and in a grand manner. The groom is welcomed to the mandap by honoring him to sit in horse and till mandap, he is accompanied by his family members. The Bride is brought in a Palak from her house. Both of them are welcomed and performed aarti.
Next ritual is the important part in the wedding. This is the Kanyadaan ceremony. Once the groom entered into the mandap, the bride is accompanied by his father to the mandap which implies that he accepts the union. Before the priest starts the wedding, the bride father will pour holy waters into her hands and will place her hand with the bride’s hand, stating that he officially gives her daughter to her. This customary, the bride signifies the divinity Laxmi, whereas the groom is representative of Vishnu; the parents will facilitate the union.
Then is the home ritual (In the north of India it is called to be havan) where the priest lights a sacred fire. Agni, this ritual is basically to signify the divine occurrence to be the spectator for the ritual and the twosome’s promise to each other. Once after the promise the bride and groom holding their hands each other march clockwise around the fire, creating seven rounds.
Whereas keeping in mind the four goals in their life: dharma, this tells their duty between their families and the divine, artha means wealth and success, karma implies their passion and energy on their life and commitment and finally the moksha which called the salvation.
Completing with this custom the Mangalsutra happens that is mangal means auspicious and sutra means thread. This knot is tied around the bride’s neck by the groom. They tie three knots where each knot denotes each feature of bride’s wedded life. The first knot implies her loyal to the husband, the second her devotion to the family and finally faithfulness to the great divine. Once tied with the mangal sutra the groom applies the sindoor to bride forehead, welcoming her into his life. As per Indian tradition, the marriage is complete only post the sindoor ritual.
After the wedding rituals completed, the groom bid adieu to her family members and parents. This is the emotional portion of all the rituals. This is the big part in one bride’s life leaving out in tear all her birth relation doesn’t matter how happy everybody is with the union.