Madhya Pradesh is considered as the heart of the India. There are many tourist spots and ancient caves. Each rock shelter represents the ages. Madhya Pradesh encompasses a few of the ancient caves. Let’s take a look at some of the historic caves of Madhya Pradesh.
Photo by johndbritton
Pandav Caves –Pachmarhi
Pandav cave is an important landmark in Pachmarhi, Madhya Pradesh. The mythology behind the cave is the Panch Pandav brothers of Mahabharata, with their wife Draupadi had spent a part of their life here for about 13 years. A low hillock, sandstone rocks are the significance of Pandav Caves. These 2500 years old caves override an attractive garden. The entire caves and the picturesque attract the tourists very much. Avenger Bike Ride and Horse Ride are the enjoying factors for the kids. Many photographers can be seen in the Pandav Caves who click professionally and offer the picture within five minutes to the tourists.
“Draupadi’s Kuti” is a broad and airy room on the first floor of the cave. It is said that the Pandav Queen Draupadi used the room for the refreshment. The second floor contains four rooms which were used by the Pandavas. “Bhima Kothari” was the darkest room occupied by the mighty Bhima. The meditation room in the caves vibrates with echo effects.
Bagh Caves – Dhar
Bagh caves are a group of nine rocks monument situated in Kukshi Tehsil, Dhar. The cave is popular for Mural paintings. The ceilings and walls of the Bagh caves were covered with a dense mud plaster in orange color. Lime priming and paintings were done on the plaster. This technique is called as Tempera Technique. Murals of Bagh represent the Golden Age of Classical Indian Art.
The history of Bagh caves states that before the discovery of the caves, it was a home to many tigers. That’s why it has been called as Bagh caves whereas Bagh means “Tiger” in Hindi. After some period, the caves became inhabit of people, meditation center, and worship places for Buddhist priests.
Bhimbetka Caves – Raisen
You may sight Bhimbetka caves in a tiny town called Raisen. The caves have been located about 45 km to the South Bhopal city and they have been in the midst of lush greenery.
As per the historical records, it has been told that Bhikbetka caves were found on a site of Buddhist. It has been listed as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in the year 2003. Bhimbetka caves have been the 22nd world heritage site in India. In the caves, there is a large painting collection and ancient art are found. On the walls of the caves the paintings are depicted which is certainly not a routine art. One could find the cluster of five natural rock shelters with beautiful paintings that depict gathering and hunting activities. Visiting the caves in between September and March will make the tourists enjoy the historical site without any climatical issues.
Udayagiri Caves –Vidisha
Udayagiri caves are located 10 km from the Vidisha Town. The caves comprise a chain of 20 caves where one can see the Jain and Hindu sculptures from the Gupta Period between 4th and 5th Century AD. In this small hill, intricate sculptures could be seen. This U-shaped plateau is located next to the River Bes. Out of 20 caves, 14 caves are being protected by the Archeological Department of India. The most famous structure of the cave is the incarnation of Lord Vishnu as a boar, the Varaha sculpture. Alexander Cunningham reckoned the Udayagiri caves in the 19th century. The caves 1, 3,4,5,6, and 13 embellished with inscriptions and architecture.
Bhartrihari caves, Madhya Pradesh is on the Shipra River banks, near the popular Ujjain Temple Gadkalika. “Bhartrihari” was the famous sage and the cave derived its name from him. The caves have been the historical charm which attracts plenty of tourists to the place. The lucid water of Shipra River adds beauty to the massive caves. Inside the caves, a small temple is situated which is being a shrine for the Nath community people. Thousand of devotees assemble here to pay homage to the prophet. One can find the Natha Sadus surround the caves with huge tents, sitting around ritual fires.
Featured Photo by The U.S. National Archives