Kolkata is one such place where you can have unique flavors of culture and rituals. There are churches in the city that sings praises about Christmas, and then there are different locations where pandal hopping is predominant! Although there are twelve months in the Bengali calendar, Bengalis don’t need a reason for celebration. Living in a colorful city like Kolkata is what makes them so joyous about every occasion! Festivals in Kolkata, thus, define a different element of the city and how the city partakes in celebrating every type of festivals!
Festivals in Kolkata – 8 Most Prominent Ones
Kolkata celebrates the Durga Puja that Lord Rama conducted to seek blessings from Goddess Durga in order to win the battle against Ravana. It is the festival of colors, the festival when everyone wishes to go out, enjoy, and spend time with close people. Also, a ritual of buying new clothes is mandatory right before Durga Puja arrives!
Bengali calendar’s first day of the year is better known as Poila Boishakh! It is an amazing festival of Bengal where wearing new clothes is again mandatory. On the day, the traders also initiate in using new accounting books for their business and this particular ceremony is usually known as the ‘Hal Khata’ ceremony. Calling it one of the most prominent Bengali festivals would not be an overstatement!
For all the ‘Jamais’ of West Bengal, this festival is something really massive and beneficial! This is a beautiful commemoration that celebrates the relationship between a son-in-law and his mother-in-law. This particular day brings the warmth of the aforementioned relationships. On this day, all mother-in-laws invite their son-in-laws and offer them mouthwatering foods and snacks! Calling it one of the most prominent Bengali festivals would not be an overstatement!
Lakshmi Puja happens to be another festival of Bengal where the homecoming of Goddess Lakshmi (the Goddess of wealth and prosperity) is celebrated. This particular festival is restricted to Bengalis as the Hindus apart from the Bengalis conduct this Puja on the day when Diwali is celebrated! This particular Puja is conducted at every home by either a Hindu priest or by own. Goddess Lakshmi is offered prayers and food in order to bring more wealth as well as prosperity to the homes.
Diwali or Kali Puja
Diwali happens to be the color of lights when children celebrate the festival by lighting crackers. While the Hindus apart from Bengalis conduct Lakhmi Puja at home on this day, Diwali also brings the prominence of Mother Kali! Kali puja gets celebrated right after a total of 20 days from Durga Puja and this festival happens to be one of the biggest Kolkata festivals besides Durga Puja. This puja gets celebrated in honor of Kali, and is marked by the chanting mantras overnight. The Deity gets adorned with the red hibiscus garlands and is offered sweets and other foods. The celebration of this festival goes hand in hand with the celebration of the festival of lights – Diwali!
Bhai Phota is the sweet celebration of a sister and her brother. Nothing unlike Jamai Shashthi, during this festival, a sister prays for her brother and offers ‘tilak’ on his forehead for health and wellbeing. It is quite similar to Rakhi!
With Janmashtami, comes the little Krishna in His avatar as Gopal. West Bengal celebrates this festival as the birthday of little Krishna. It is one of the most prominent Kolkata festivals as of now!