In India, the travelers visit abroad to enjoy the natural wonders, but they don’t know about some other wonders in India which need attention. The caves in India are also some natural wonders that demand tourist destinations. Ajanta and Ellora caves, Badami caves A.
An Overview Of Borra Caves
Photos by flickrPrince,
Borra cave is located at a distance of 90 to 95 km from Visakhapatnam city. It is located on the east coast of India. It is situated at a height of 1450 ft above sea level. This cave is in the Ananthagiri hills of Araku valley, hills range between 800-1300 mts. in Andhra Pradesh. Borra cave is considered as one of the largest cave in the country. The cave exhibit stalagmites and stalactites formation of irregular shape and size and different variety of speleothems. The cave extends up to a depth of 80 m and is considered as one of the deepest cave in India. In Borra cave, wild flora and fauna, semi evergreen deciduous forests, beautiful landscape and hilly terrain are seen. To understand the importance and uniqueness of Borra caves, the scientist, as well as laymen, should visit the cave as it is one of the wonders in India.
It is said that Borra caves exist from the ancient era that is more than 150 years old. A British geologist named Willian King Gorge discovered the wonder natural cave in 1807. A different story is told by different local tribals staying in this cave. One of the local tribals said that once a cow was lost while grazing by the cowherd. Later he realized that his cow had fallen. He started the search of his cow and found 60 ft deep hole. There the cowherd found his cow grazing the grass deep below in the hole. It was this time when this cave was discovered by the tribal people.
Gosthani river flows through Borra caves. It is believed that Borra caves have originated from this river. Over the limestone, there was a flow of the river which resulted in the creation of Borra cave. The limestone got dissolved in water due to the pressure applied by the humic acid on the mineral deposits. The different shapes found in the cave is due to the dissolved limestone. This Borra cave was formed over millions of years and is spread across 1 sq km.
How To Visit Borra Cave?
Photos by flickrPrince,
As Borra cave is located in the state of Andhra Pradesh so it can be easily reached by rail, air and road services. The nearest airport from this cave is Vishakhapatnam which is 90 km away. To Araku valley there is a passenger train as well as daily bus services from Vishakhapatnam. The best way to reach would be to take a train from Vizag which leaves at 6:50 am and reaches the cave at 10:30 am. A road trip can also be taken from Vizag as it also takes 4-5 hours to reach Borra cave.
Timings, Entry Fee, And Accommodation Facility
The cave is open for the tourist from 10:00 am to 5:00 pm. In between the entry is closed for 1 hour that is from 1:00 pm- 2:00 pm for lunch break. Entry fee is also charged by the visitors. Rs 30 is charged for children entry while Rs 40 is charged for adult entry. At the counter Rs, 25 is needed to be paid for cameras and Rs 100 for digital and video cameras. No locker facility is provided beside the cave.
No accommodation facility is available near the Borra cave. Plenty accommodation facility is available in Araku and Vizag which are close to Borra caves and is located few km apart. Small restaurants and local shops are available near the Borra cave. Proper hotels and restaurants are available at Ananthagiri which is on the way to Araku Valley.
The Borra cave is believed to hold great religious importance. Shiva lingam and Kamdadhenu are the two idols found inside the cave. The cave is filled with the formation of stalactite and stalagmite. Different names are given to the different shape of this formation like mother-child, Shiv Parvathi, Rushis beard, crocodile, human brain etc. Church, temple, mushroom formations are also some of the interesting features found inside the Borra cave. Crystal while the stone of calcium is found in various forms and shapes inside the cave. The cave illuminates and glitters by 63 lamps of halogen, sodium vapor, and mercury.
The temperature inside the Borra cave is around 24-25 degree which is the pleasant one. Monkeys are also seen inside the cave so it is advised to be careful because the monkeys might snatch the food stuff from the hand. There are tour guides outside the cave which will take the visitors inside the cave and will relate the stories. Also, there is a railway line inside the cave which outside the cave. The railway line has not caused any harm to the natural beauty of the cave. There is a small stream of water of yellow color inside the cave. The yellow color is due to the presence of sulfur. Also, there is a temple built on the top of the Borra cave. The roof of the cave is full of bats. All these are the marvelous scenes inside the cave.
Photos by flickrPrince,
The visitors can also have a walk around the cave of mountainous and rugged area. There are also guided tours in and around Borra caves which include Chaparai waterfalls, Bheemili beach, Dumbriguda waterfalls, Katiki waterfalls, Coffee plantations, Tribal Museum, Gosthani river, Ananthagiri, Araku Valley and Tyda Park.
At last, it is said that there must be a visit to this place to enjoy the enchanting beauty and to notice the treasure in different parts of the world.
Photo by flickrPrince