As we all know, India is one of the fastest growing economies in the world. The education system of India has a big role to play in making the country the fastest growing economy. India was under the rule of the British for more than 200 years, but it never affected our intellectual path. Many countries around the world were under the power of British, Portuguese, Denmark, and Holland but most of these slave countries were not bothered or not interested in building their nation with the power of education even after they became independent. But the Indian people were different because of their culture and curiosity towards the world. This motivated them to learn even when they were slaves of the British. It is interesting to know that some of the most ancient Universities of India existed long before the foreigners invaded the country.
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Nalanda University is the oldest university in India which was established in the 5th century. According to the records, this university was available until CE 1200. Nalanda was actually celebrated by Mahavihara, which was the biggest Buddhist Monastery in the Magadha Kingdom. At present, this place belongs to the state of Bihar. Systemised Vedic education helped to motivate this university and institutions like Vikramashila, Taxila and Nalanda flourished. These are termed as the oldest Universities in India. The Gupta Empire was the back born of Nalanda, they did their best to grow this university not only in India but also abroad. Until the 9th century, Nalanda University was doing well, later it started declining. Studies reveal that people from China, Korea, Tibet, and Indonesia people used to come to India for their higher studies. Now it is under the UNESCO World Heritage sites.
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Serampore College ranks as the 2nd oldest among the universities in India. This was started in 1818 by the English Missionaries William Ward, William Carey, and Joshua Marshman at Howrah of West Bengal. But the university status was given in 1829 only. This was started to educate the people of this country and to make a ministry for the growing churches in India. Serampore University is still functioning and produces more than 1000 graduates every year. Serampore University has affiliated colleges not only in India but also in Sri Lanka, Nepal, and Bangladesh.
Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee
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This was established in 1847 by the lieutenant governor of British India at Roorkee, which comes under Uttarakhand state. Earlier it was known as the University of Roorkee. University grade was given after many years later, in 1949. Later, in 2001 the Indian government decided to put this University under IIT. It was the 7th IIT of India. IIT Roorkee has covered Humanities, Engineering, Management, social science and applied science with 21 academic divisions. They have produced many greats for the country, who have given their heart and soul to the nation upbringing. Some of them have won Padma Awards also.
University of Mumbai
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The University of Mumbai is the first University of Maharashtra and one of the oldest Universities in India. It was started in 1857 because of the draft made by Sir Charles Wood in 1854 and the petition from the Mumbai Association to the British administration. The University of Mumbai has similarities to many universities of England, but more with the University Of London. This university has masters, bachelors and doctoral courses for scholars. They have 3 campuses in and around Mumbai; they are Fort Campus, Kalina campus, and Thane campus. The University of Mumbai has more than 700 affiliated colleges under them. This University is one of the biggest universities in the world.
University of Madras
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The University of Madras is one of the oldest state Universities in India. It was established in 1857 at Tamil Nadu. The Legislative council of India made a new act to integrate this University. It is actually a research University with six campuses at Chetpet, Marina, Chepauk, Maduravoyal, Guindy, and Taramani. They have more than 70 academic divisions under 18 schools. The university has around 109 affiliated colleges and more than 50 research centers. The University of Madras covers medicine, management, humanities, science and social science in its campuses.