Among several emerging industries, textile industry holds an important place as the demand for clothing always remain. India is a country with several culture and traditions where every state has a unique clothing style. Tamil Nadu is famous for silk and Kanchipuram (a city in northern part of the state) is the capital of silk production. Similarly, Tiruppur is another hotspot for textile production from where fabrics are exported through out the world. There is another interesting name for Tiruppur – knit wear capital of India.
Tiruppur – location and environment
Tiruppur lies around the central part of south India and in the north-west region of Tamil Nadu. It is located in the Kongu region and the district was a part of Erode and Coimbatore districts before formation of a separate district. The region has its unique Kongu slang and culture.
Being a major textile producer, the area faced several climatic changes and pollution. To combat the negative effects, several programmes such as tree planting and controlling industrial waste disposal are carried out in the region. Several industrial parks are opened to support the development of textile industries.
Tiruppur is the knit wear hub of India and produces a massive number of textile products covering around 90% of the textile exports from India. Several world famous clothing brands import textile from Tiruppur. This is a proud statistics for Tamil Nadu as the trade brings out high income. Lakhs of people are employed in this industry which forms the main source of living for many families in and around the district.
When there was a high power shortage in the state in 2012, these industries faced several challenges and many lost their jobs. However, the factories resumed to their normal functioning after the power scarcity was brought under control.
Exports and trade
Tiruppur exports cotton knit wear worldwide for leading brands across the globe. The industry started as a small scale and it has witnessed a massive growth in the past few decades. Global brands such as Nike, Adidas, Reebok, Diesel etc import fabric from this south Indian textile hub.
Colours and pollution
Though clothing and fashion play a major role in our life, it is important to meet our demand with responsibility. It is our duty to protect our environment and process our needs with eco-friendly options. But nowadays water bodies are mainly polluted by fabric dyes and other textile wastes. This needs high attention and proper measures must be taken to dispose them without harming the environment.
River Noyyal is one of the sources of water which supports living around the districts of Tiruppur, Coimbatore and Karur. The river faced several threats due to extensive pollution. Improper discharge of textile wastes from fabric units and colours from dyeing units caused a massive pollution in this water body. However swift actions were taken and proper measures were carried to ensure the protection of river Noyyal. The river was recovered from pollution around the year 2011 after several protective measures. The dyeing units remained closed for sometime until the recovery.
Clothing stands at the second place in three basic needs – food, clothing and shelter. It is important to meet this demand with more responsibility – be eco-friendly, recycle and re-use, share with those who don’t have any, and reduce extravagance. Though the textile and fashion technology are two emerging fields of engineering, it is wise to make choices based on cultural and climatic conditions. Tiruppur satisfies the need of middle class people who look for cotton and other fabric for cheaper prices. With high supply, Tiruppur offers best packages for family shopping. T-shirts, inner wear and other cotton fabric can be bought directly from these units with high quality and less money.