The glorious monument Taj Mahal stands at the banks of Yamuna River, Agra. The Taj Mahal is architectural treasure of India and universally wondered art work of the world’s heritage. As you walk through the pathway of this majestic building, you can view the serene beauty of the marble building with the beautiful embellishments of precious stones and gems. Most importantly the charming location gives this building a tranquil look through distinct shades. Taj Mahal wears different shades in the same day based on the time and season. If you happen to visit this place in the morning, then you can enjoy the composed beauty of the building in pinkish shade. In contrast, during evening hours this place looks in opaque white shade.
Indo-Mughal architectural style and fascinating story attract huge number of visitors every year. You should first uncover the story behind construction of Taj Mahal before you explore the architectural achievement. This monument is viewed as the “representation of everlasting love”, because of the heart melting story behind this building. The name means Crown Palace and it was named after Mumtaz, wife of Emperor Shah Jahan. He was fifth emperor of Mughal Dynasty. He married Mumtaz who was Muslim Persian princess. Shah Jahan promised Mumtaz while she was on her deathbed that he would not marry again and construct a mausoleum over her grave. He also ordered his fellow members to bury him in a tomb next to the Mumtaz’s tomb after his death.
I would suggest you to visit this place at least once in your life time to uncover the splendid architectural design of Royal architect Ustad Ahmad Lahauri. The amazing feature of the Taj Mahal is the white marble dome, measures approximately 115 feet. It took around 17 years to complete the architecture of marble mausoleum and the four minarets, additional 5 years to complete the Garden and exteriors including the mosque and the main gateway.
The inner portion of the tomb is embellished with precious and semi precious gemstone. The most intricate work of the Taj Mahal are the balconies and the exterior windows, you can see the delicate pierce work, embossed flower motifs and pattern of pietra dura in the marble. The four minarets which are at the four corners of mausoleum gives a kind of majestic look and three dimensional effect to the historical monument. The Octagon shaped building and double storied domed hall houses the tomb of Mumtaz and Shah Jahan. You will be astonished with the distinct view of the tomb which is placed in one of the corners, instead of the center.
The gateway and the mausoleum are decorated with the black marble embossed with Arabic inscription. The decorative elements used here are the lines from Quran, Parchinkari work and gemstones inlaid with marbles.
The exterior decorations are the best of Mughal work; the walls are decorated with paint works, stucco, stone inlays and astonishing marble carvings. The delicate and highly trained embossing work was carved by Mughal artisans who were specially trained by Italian craftsman. This Mahal got its structure with hard work and dedication of 22,000 workers.
The geometrical shape of the garden is replica of Mughal architectural patterns in early days. The huge square is separated by two pathways and four quadrants; they are again subdivided by narrower cross-axial pathway. As a result, sixteen sub-quadrants are formed. Then whole structure is bounded by a pathway which connects with all the sub paths.
Indian government has taken several steps to protect this world wonder, 1996 there was strict banning rule from supreme court that there should be no coal industries in and around Taj zone and took steps to relocate the industries outside of the TTZ which houses 37 historical monuments and three world heritage sites.