Sanskrit is one of the oldest languages in India. It is known as the theoretical language of Hinduism, Jainism, Sikhism, and Buddhism. This was the legendary language used in Nepal and India. It is believed that Sanskrit is the language of Gods. The word itself means ‘perfectly done’. Sam means ‘Samyak’ which means completely and ‘krit’ means done; together it means perfectly done. It shows that the person has perfectly learnt and studied how to express his or her emotions by using an ideal terminology. Sanskrit is the toughest language to learn and communicate, because of its wide range of vocabulary.
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Hinduism used Sanskrit for theoretical purpose thus the language and Indian culture is closely knit. Sanskrit was earlier branded as ‘Deva Vani’ meaning the language of Gods. It is believed to be created by Lord Brahma and taught to Maharishis. Later their followers brought it down to the earth. Rigveda was the first written manuscript in Sanskrit which was found in 2nd century. This was used for many centuries by the sages to teach their followers. They used it verbally so that it could spread easily to everyone. Rigveda perfectly describes the nature and its powers with proper explanations.
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Basically, Sanskrit can be divided into two parts – one is Vedic and another one is classical. Vedic Sanskrit is mainly used in Puranas, Upanishads, and Vedas. There they the used a unique form of words. Vedas are meant to be sacred and they should maintain a unique vocabulary. Rigveda is the main Veda and it is written in Vedic Sanskrit. From 500 to 1000 BC is when the Vedas were traced. From the beginning itself, Sanskrit was rich in grammar, terminology, and phonology. Sanskrit has 36 consonants and 16 vowels in its letters. An interesting factor is that these letters are never changed even today. That’s the reason Sanskrit has a different status in Indian Culture. It is one of the complete languages around the world.
Classical Sanskrit was born after the Vedic era. Panini is the scholar or researcher who made this language more sophisticated. This was done around the 4th century. Panini has written the book ‘Ashtadhyayi’ on Sanskrit grammar and its usages perfectly. This is the only book available with us to check the grammar and terminology of Sanskrit. Many Sanskrit manuscripts are missing which was written before this. Sanskrit has an important role in the making of Hindi language. Most of the local languages of India are made with the help of Sanskrit.
Sanskrit Influencing the Foreign Countries
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Many foreign languages such as Chinese, Nepali, Spanish, Pilipino, and Malaya are influenced by Sanskrit. This language has a very important role in Indian culture and Indian Democracy. The Germans have developed a great interest in Sanskrit and recently decided to include Sanskrit in their school education. Vedas and Upanishads are becoming very popular in some of the European countries too. They have also started learning the language of Gods. The Indian government is also doing their best to promote Sanskrit in India and around the world. After independence, the influence of English really hit the local languages of India adversely. People are more interested in learning or speaking in English.
Sanskrit words are made in such way that its configuration and accents are perfect. They are made after observing the human’s usual way of making sounds and movement of the mouth because sound has a very important role in language. Next time when you listen to Sanskrit you will know how they have used sounds and words comparing to other languages. This could be the reason why you will find more classic poems and literatures in Sanskrit. It places words in such a way that expressions could communicate easily to the other person without many hassles.
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