Visiting historical monuments gives the experience to know about the emperors, reign, culture, and architecture. Red Fort is such a renowned historical testament otherwise called as Lal Qila. The Fort lies on the Netaji Subhash Marg, New Delhi. Red Fort is the largest Fort in Delhi.
Red Fort was the prime residence of emperors of the Mughal dynasty. In 1939, the Fort was constructed by Shah Jahan. The cause for the construction was the capital shifting from Agra to Delhi. Besides being the accommodation of emperors, the Red Fort was the political & ceremonial centre of the Mughal State. Today, the magnificent Red Fort comprises many museums and they display precious artifacts. Every year, the Prime Minister of India unfurls the National flag in the Fort on the Independence Day. Red Fort is being the most popular monument and major tourist spot in Delhi. In 2007 the Fort was added to the UNESCO World Heritage Site list. Currently, the security and preservation of the Red Fort are taken care by the “The Archaeological Survey of India”.
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History of Red Fort:
The Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan initiated the Red Fort construction in 1638, May 13th, in the holy month of Muharram. The construction took ten whole years for completion, i.e. in 1648, the construction was completed. The Red Fort comprises of Mughal Government Public and Private audience halls, marble palaces, personal apartments, a mosque and luxuriously designed gardens. The Red Fort was called as the Quila-i-Mubarak and it means the “Blessed Fort”. The Fort turned as the home for the entire Mughal Regal family and served as the Mughal kingdom capital. Emperor Bahadur Shah Zafar was expelled by the Britishers in the year of 1857. Then they used the Fort as their Armed forces camp until the India’s Independence. When Emperor Shah Jahan, Emperor Aurangzeb were ruling the dynasty, the Red Fort met with numerous changes, additions, and alterations. After surpassing all the revolts and wraths, still, Red Fort remains as a notable testimony to the Mughal dynasty.
Red Fort architecture:
The Red Fort wall extends over 2.5 km in length and its height varies between 16-33 meters. The walls cascade along with Yamuna river banks and bounded by a canal. These aspects of the Fort were designed to protect the Fort from unwarranted enemies attack. Diwan-E-Aam was designed in the huge pavilion shape where the Sovereign sat and listened to the public petitions. The pavilion’s eastern side has a stunning flamboyant balcony throne that spoofs the King Solomon’s Throne. Behind the throne, there is a well adorned private chamber.
Light and Sound show
Many tourists visit the Red Fort for its historical relevance. Aside, Light and Sound show is the most popular entertainment that allures the tourists’ attraction. Every evening except Mondays, the show is held for an hour with a fest of light and sound. The show takes place inside the Fort’s premises. The show is conducted both in Hindi & English at different timings.
- Hindi- 7:30 PM – 8:30 PM
- English- 9:00 PM – 10:00 PM
- Tickets: Weekdays – INR 60 for adults; INR 20 for children
- Weekends and Government Holidays – INR 80 for adults; INR 30 for children
Interesting facts about Red Fort:
- Qila-i-Mubarak is the original name of Red Fort.
- The architects of Taj Mahal Ustad Hamid and Ustad Ahmad Lahauri designed this Fort.
- The fort was designed in Octagonal shape.
- The Blessed fort sprawled around 256 acres.
- Lahori Gate and Delhi Gate are the two entrances of the Red Fort
- The Palace of colors “Rang Mahal” was specially built for queens. Only the Emperor and Princes were allowed inside The Palace of colors.
- Khas Mahal was the place where kings used to spend time with queens, it was their dinner place
- Kohinoor diamond, the world famous and precious was embedded in the Shah Jahan throne. But it was stolen by the Persian king Nadir Shah. Eventually, the diamond went to Queen Victoria of England.
- Bahadur Shah II, the last Mughal emperor was imprisoned and brought to the Red Fort by British Government. Later he was sent to Myanmar.
- British destroyed many parts of the Fort after an acquisition. The valuables were sold and the fort was emptied.
The Places inside Red Fort are:
Lahori Gate, Chhatta Chowk, Diwan-i-aam, Rang Mahal, Kash Mahal, Diwan-i-khas, Hammam, Hayat Bakhsh, Sawan Pavillion, Bhadon Pavillion, Zafar Mahal, Moti Masjid, Stepwell, Daawat Khana, Shah Burj, Hira Mahal, Mumtaz Mahal, Asad Burj, Delhi Gate
Red Fort timing details
- The Red Fort is open from 9:30 am to 4:30 pm except for Mondays.
- The Red Fort Entry fee for Indians is Rs.10 & foreign nationals is Rs.250
- No Entry fee is levied on Fridays
- 25 is charged for a Video camera
Best time to visit Red Fort
During the pleasant weather September-March, the tourists can visit Red Fort without sweat shed.
Where to board?
There are several hotels, restaurants around the Red Fort. The tourists can occupy from budgetary to luxurious boarding.
Red Fort is the pride of India. We shall value, preserve the Fort for our foster generations. Do not miss to visit the place at least once in your lifetime.
Featured Photo by Saad.Akhtar