Muslims are living in all parts of the world. Even though they keep on changing themselves in dressing, food habits, and other styles according to the present trend, their marriage is still conducted in a traditional way. Most of the Muslim marriages are purely arranged by the parents. Arranged marriage will always increase expectation between bride and groom. Muslim wedding is called as “Nikkah” in the Arabic language. The Islamic marriage is viewed as a contract between the Couple and Allah. In the presence of Holy Quran, the rituals and Nikkah are performed. Islamic marriages have pre and post Nikkah procedures. It is the time to enter into their wedding celebration in dream if you portray my briefs into visuals.
Ishtikhara ritual (Ritual of Induction)
This is the first and most important ritual in Nikkah. The Muslim community’s religious heads, the eldest from mosque will pray together to Allah to get the almighty’s consent and blessing to commence the rituals and wedding. Once they receive the blessings, the bridegroom’s mother will visit the bride’s house and tie silver/gold coin on her upper hand. This ceremony is called as Imam-zamin ceremony.
This is the engagement ceremony to bride and groom, their families. All relatives from both the families will gather on a specified day, witness the ring exchange of groom and bride. This ritual publicly announces to the society that they are engaged and will be married soon. The bride and groom receive remarkable, memorable gifts at this moment.
Manjha (Turmeric ritual)
This ritual happens 2-3 days before Nikkah. The bride is draped in yellow attire. A paste of Sandalwood, rose water and turmeric are applied on the bride’s neck, face, hand, and feet. From elders to younger will participate in the ritual and apply the paste to the bride. After her Manjha ritual, the bride should not leave her house until the wedding. The same ritual is performed in groom’s home.
Mehendi (Henna ritual)
This is an intimate ritual for all ladies especially the bride. The Mehendi artist will apply the henna designs on the hands, feet. In this women-centric ritual the groom’s face, name or initial is designed on the bride’s hands. Although Mehendi celebration is from the house of North Indians, it has been now followed by all religious people to add beauty to the brides.
Sanchaq (Bridal attires)
In this pre-marriage ritual, members of the groom’s family visit bride’s house with numerous gifts, flowers and sweet. Besides, the bridal outfit to be worn on the Nikkah will also be sent. Along with the outfit, jewelry, other accessories will also be given to the bride.
Mangni & Manjha are also performed in the Hindu religion.
Wedding – Rituals
Baraat (Wedding Avenue)
During the day, the groom starts from his house along with his relatives, friends. A classy festooned car is sent from the bride’s house to bring him. A group of relatives will go to the groom’s house along with the car to welcome him to the wedding location. The groom relatives also follow the car and with joy and fun, walk toward the wedding spot – Baraat. In this occasion, a glass of sherbet is given to the groom by the bride’s brother.
The Nikah (Wedding)
Maulvi, the religious priest conducts the Nikkah. According to the Muslim’s customs and tradition, bride and groom sit separately. “Mehr” is given to the bride (a pre-determined amount given by the groom’s family). The Maulvi begins reciting the prayers from the holy Quran, asks the girl whether she agrees to marry the boy and the Mehr. He asks the question three times. Once the bride accepts then the same is repeated to the groom. This procedure is called Ijab-e-Qubul (proposal and acceptance). The procedure is pursued by signing in the Nikahnama (marriage contract) by the wedded couple.
Arsi Mushaf (Love at first sight)
This ritual is performed to see the wedded couple one to one for the initial time. In between the couple, a mirror is kept and the Holy Quran is positioned on the top. The couple shall look the mirror where they can notice their spouses’ reflection.
The wedding night feast is given by the groom’s family and hosting the ritual is called valima. In this ritual friends and relatives from both, the families will attend and introduce each other. Everyone will have a sumptuous feast in this function and especially Mutton Briyani and meat korma are the drooling delicacies.