Meghalaya is considered as a natural paradise which consists of multiple no. of caves where the early man sheltered themselves during the ancient era. These caves are inside, cold and damp, dark and are filled with water during the time of rainy seasons. There is no sun rays or sunlight passing inside the caves. Earlier the people used lighted torches to enter the caves. Today powerful electricity and beam torch lights are used to enter the caves safely.
Nature had supplied with the rarest and unique beauty known as caves. Caves are made of stalactite and stalagmites formations of late caves and are considered as the biggest attraction for the adventure sport. The Meghalaya Adventure Association took initiative projects for these caves. After their initiative, caving became famous and popular among the cavers and drew concentration of the global cavers. The caves of Meghalaya up to as the deepest and longest caves in India. An adventure combined with hydrology and speleologist than as caving. Caving is becoming a most flourishing industry for tourism in the state. Caving kilometer with equipment like ropes, helmet with lights, powerful torch lights, steel ladder, boots and gloves, rubber outfits, flat rubber boat etc.
In a survey, it was found that inside the Meghalaya cave a variety of Fauna like Bats, Snot- Gobbler, Fly, Blind Crickets, Blind Cockroaches, Brown Crickets, Millipedes, Woodlice, Beetles, Spiders etc and also some aquatic animals like fishes, crabs, shrimps etc are found. People from all over the world visit Meghalaya to explore its hills every year. There is an average temperature of 10- 15 degree Celsius inside the caves which is considered a perfect temperature for limestone solution. Caves cream as an amazing wonder and gift of nature.
LIST OF CAVES IN MEGHALAYA
Here are some of the caves which you must visit while visiting Meghalaya.
1. Krem Mawmluh
Krem Mawmluh is the most famous caves of Meghalaya and is situated only half kilometer of west Cherrapunjee. Among all the explored caves to date, considering the Indian sub-continent, Krem Mawmluh wins as the 7th longest cave. This cave is also known as Krem Mawkhyrdop. To enter this cave one would need to go to the bottom-most point of the western side of Lum Lawbah. The best idea to reach would be to follow the river to find the entrance to the cave, it will lead you to a place where the river disappears underground, the cave is right there. So one can just imagine the thrilling location of this cave, isn’t it? Paddling through water is required for the main sink entrance, which turns into a fatal black quicksand during the dry season from the sewage of cement works. Also, there is another option to enter the cave and it through the high-level bypass that runs analogous to the main entrance. The formation of limestone stalactites and stalagmites is the main reason to visit Krem Mawmluh Cave.
2. Dobakhal- Siju Cave
Siju cave is also known as Bat Cave. In 1920, this cave was prospected by the British geologic survey. This cave is situated on the banks of river Simsang which is just below the Siju village and is a habitat for more than 10 thousands of bats. This cave has been explored up to a length of five kilometers and is known as the third longest cave in the whole Indian sub-continent. In this cave, a new species of loach and a new species of cave fish named Schistura Sijuensis has been discovered in the year 2007. From Tura, this cave is almost 130 kms away and has impressive stalactites and stalagmites formation. This cave also has a river passage and is one of the most visited cave by the tourist. A tourist needs to hire a local guide to navigate this cave. This cave is famous for its spacious chambers that are full of calcite formations.
3. Krem Mawjymbuin
This cave is half a kilometer before Mawsynram village, and is the most visited spot by the tourist. At the center of the entrance chamber, there is a large stalagmite and stalactite formation which bears an unnatural resemblance of a Shiva Lingam. Also, a small stream flows close by the left wall of the chamber which resembles Ganga which makes this cave a sacred shrine for Hindus. This cave is very popular and very easy to navigate so this cave is for all the tourists along with the adventure junkies and travelers.
4. Krem Lymput
This cave is the longest cave in Meghalaya and lies about 6 km from the Nongjri village. This is an easy and beautiful cave for the tourists. The entrance of the cave is small and the ceiling and the walls of the cave are slippery and loose to climb upto 1 km. This passage is also named as ‘Way to Heaven’. This way also leads to a series of spacious galleries that are rich in the formation of calcite. This cave is about 6641 meters in length. The biggest attraction of the cave is the chamber here known as the Mughal room which is more that 75 m long, 25 m high and 25 m wide.
5. Mawsmai Cave
This cave is situated 6 kms from the Sohra market south of the village Mawsmai. This cave is also one of the most visited tourist spots in Cherrapunjee. This cave is 250 meters in length. A person can walk comfortably inside this wide natural limestone cave. The visitors will be able to see myriads of stalactites and stalagmites in the overall passage and chambers. Electric torches are installed inside the caves because it is quite dark inside. The main entrance to the cave is through the concrete pathway that leads from the jungle.
Apart from the caves mention above there are also some more caves like Krem Dam, Krem Liat Prah, Synrang – Pamiang, Krem Lubon, Krem Chympe, Kotsati cave, Krem Umkseh, Krem Shrieh, Krem Jogindra etc which can be visited while visiting Meghalaya. Caving activity brings about unmatched peace and satisfaction while visiting Meghalaya which will be remembered for the lifetime.