UNESCO’s World Heritage Site and the Pride of India, Kaziranga National recreational area is host to two-third of world’s population of one-horned rhinoceroses. Spread over an area of approximately 430 sq km, the National park resides peacefully on the edges Eastern Himalayan in the Golaghat and Nagoan district of Assam and is one of the last areas in eastern part of India uninterrupted by a human presence. Kaziranga is the place where man meets nature.
Kaziranga National Park is home to world’s biggest population of one-horned rhinos along with several mammals, like bears, tigers, elephants and panthers. It is also a paradise for thousands of birds. The National Park is the perfect place to imagine high amount of diversified species with enormous visibility.
History of the Kaziranga National Park
The history of Kaziranga dates back to 1902 when Mary Curzon, the wife of Lord Curzon of Kedleston, then India’s Viceroy visited the park to see glimpses of Indian one-horned rhinoceros. Unfortunately, she couldn’t see even a single rhinoceros that day. So, she then convinced her husband to take some immediate actions to protect the diminishing species of rhinos and plan their protection. After multiple sequences of documentations and meetings, in 1905, the beautiful Kaziranga Proposed Reserve Forest with an area of 232 sq km was created.
During the golden year of 1968, Kaziranga was declared as a National Park and in 1985, the Kaziranga National Park was declared as a UNESCO’s World Heritage Site. Covering such a long journey, the National Park is now one of the most popular wildlife holiday place in India spread on an area of around 430 sq km.
Attractions in Kaziranga National Park
Kaziranga National Park is one of the biggest wildlife tourist destination in India. Travellers not only from India but also from all over the world visit this national park every year to cherish the beauty of diversified wildlife of the park and explore the beauty of the natural kingdom. The ideal topography consisting of a Brahmaputra river with its varied grasslands breezes through its entire length, is mesmerising and an adventure to remember for a lifetime.
The Kaziranga National Park is not just about watching the rare one-horned rhinoceros, but it has total tiger count of 86, which is the highest mass of tiger population in India, though the flourishing jungle which means it is difficult to spot them. Along with rhinos and tigers, the three massive herbivores reside in the park and attracts thousands of tourists are the Asiatic Water Buffaloes, the Asiatic Elephant and the Swamp Deer.
Other species of animals like wild buffalo, wild boar, sambar and the endangered bara singha or swamp deer, Elephant grass, swamps, cane can be observed in here. Apart from rhino, it is also renowned for its impressive antlers. Dolphins and otters are also spotted in the available water sources.
The Park is also home to various of reptile species such as Lizards, Snakes, Tortoises, Crocodile and Alligator.
The park is recognized as a paradise for bird lovers. Dolphins and Otters in the water area attracts fishing birds like as Pallas’s fishing eagle and pelicans. Birds like ferruginous duck, lesser white-fronted goose, Baer’s pochard duck and greater adjutant, lesser adjutant, black-necked stork and Asian Open bill stork especially migrate from the Central part of Asia during winter season. The park has also been distinguished an important bird region by the Bird life International to promote the protection and maintenance of endangered bird species.
Kaziranga National Park has mainly 4 types of vegetation mainly because of the variation in altitude between eastern and western sides of the park. These are, alluvial savanna woods, tropical semi-evergreen woods, alluvial submerged grasslands and tropical damp mixed deciduous woodlands. The thick and giant elephant grasses mixed by small swamp lands left after the diminishing floodwaters of the Brahmaputra river are one of mainly observed flora type in Kaziranga National park. Indian gooseberry, the cotton tree, Kumbhi and elephant Apple are among the popular trees seen in the park. In addition to grasslands and forests, Kaziranga National Park has a plenty of aquatic flora seen in ponds lakes and along the river side such as water hyacinth, lotus and water lilies which brings a beautiful setting to the surroundings. Rattan Cane, a type of climbing palm enhances the beauty of Kaziranga National Park.
Out of the many attractions in the Kaziranga National Park, one is Jeep Safari and second is Elephant Safari. Elephant Safari is like exploring the unseen mystery of the thick jungle while riding on the elephants steered by the professional Mahouts. It is definitely a special treat to the travelers to travel in the open forests on these grand animals.
How to Reach:
Kaziranga National Park is easily accessible from all the major cities.
By Air: The nearest airport which is around 97 km away from the national park is in Jorhat town. The second nearest airport is at Guwahati which is around 217 km from Kaziranga.
By Rail: Kaziranga is very well connected to all major destinations in India and is the easiest and cheapest mode of transportation. The nearest railway stop is Furkating which is approximately 80 km. Second nearest and well connected railway station is Guwahati and is well connected with rest of the railway stations in India.
By Road: Regular buses and cars are available from all the major airports and railway stations to reach to Kaziranga National Park.
Best Time to Visit Kaziranga National Park:
The Kaziranga National Park remains close during May to October because of the heavy rainfall.
The best time to visit Kaziranga National Park is from November to April.
April – May is Summer time and climate is mostly dry and windy. One can easily find animals hanging around the water bodies.
June – September is Monsoon time and the area receives heavy rain. The climate is mostly hot and humid and the park remains closed due to flood warnings Brahmaputra river.
November – February i.e. Winter season is the best period to visit the Kaziranga National Park. The climate remains mild and dry. As the grass burn off and the background becomes clearer during winter, chances of seeing rhinos are more.
The experience to Kaziranga National is definitely an unique and unforgettable.
Photo by Unlisted Sightings
Photo by Subharnab