Odisha (erstwhile Orissa) is an eastern state of India bordering the Bay of Bengal. Odisha…
Jharkhand – Land of Forests & Industries
Jharkhand the 28th state of the Indian Union was formed on 15th November 2000 with Ranchi as its capital. The word Jharkhand originated from tribal word, which means forest tract.
The state Jharkhand is very rich in biodiversity. It forms part of the Chotanagpur province of the Deccan Peninsula Biogeographic Zone. It is having a good covering of forests formed from Koel, Damodar and Subernekha (unclassified forest 33.49 sq km, protected forest 19,184.78 sq km and reserved forest 4,387.20 sq km) which is around 30% of the total geographical area of the state.
Jharkhand has both bustling towns and quiet pastoral villages. The main cities in the state are Ranchi which is the capital city, Bokaro known as the industrial city with the largest iron and steel plant in India, Jamshedpur popularly recognized as the steel city of India, Hazaribagh also known as the land of a thousand gardens and Deogarh which is a major Hindu pilgrimage and a famous health resort.
Approx. 50% of the country’s mineral is in Jharkhand. Iron ore, coal, mica, limestone, bauxite, chromite, copper, asbestos, china clay, kyanite, manganese, uranium and dolomite are found in abundance in this state. The Chiria mines in Saranda are believed to hold the largest deposits of iron ore in Asia. Also Jadugoda in Singhbhum district in Jharkhand State located in Eastern India, is India’s first uranium mining. Besides minerals, it is gifted with fertile land and adequate water resources providing tremendous scope for floriculture and horticulture. Jharkhand is immensely abundant in thick verdant forests, low rolling hills, plateaus, rare herbs, precious minerals, wildlife sanctuaries, lakes, spectacular waterfalls, placid backwaters and rivers.
Nearly seventy five percent of the population of the state is tribal and majority of them live in a state of semi starvation throughout the year. During the 80’s, coal companies acquired thousands of hectares of forests in the state for mining operation. Excessive underground mining of coal has caused vast areas of rich forests and agricultural land to be laid waste and rendered unsafe for agriculture, habitation and grazing.