Indian Tribes are part of our society. They do follow unique custom, culture, and festivals. When we see their celebration, it would be really mind-blowing. Their worshiping God also differs from us. Tribes are prevalent in each state and they celebrate many festivals. There are totally 697 tribal groups in India. Tribes’ mode of celebration, their dancing, and singing happen mostly in the forest or mountainsides. Tribal festivals are celebrated to appease their presiding God. This article composes about the Indian Tribal festivals and procedures. Come let us read.
Karnataka Tribal festival: Made Snana
This ritual is done by Karnataka tribes. The tribes use to roll over the food left by Brahmins. They believe that the ritual cures infertility, skin disease, and marriage issues. In Dakshina Kannada from November to December Made Snana ritual is observed. This three days annual celebration is conducted in Subramanya temple. Besides Karnataka tribes, Tamilnadu tribes also celebrate the festival. Lord Subramanya temple is considered as a sacred place by the tribes for many years. That’s why they conduct Made Snana festival here. The motto behind the celebration of the festival is throwing light on the atrocities against lower caste people in our country.
Telangana Tribal festival: Sammakka Saralamma Jatara
Next, to Kumbh Mela, Sammakka Saralamma Jatara reckons a huge crowd. This tribal festival fascinates many foreign tourists who have been captivated by the history, heritage, and culture of the tribal population. Every two years once, in the February month, Sammakka Saralamma Jatara festival is celebrated. The four days celebration of the festival enthralls the visitors. The Medaram town in Warangal district is the venue of the festival celebration. A dense wildlife sanctuary of Eturnagaram encompassed the Medaram town. This is the largest forest belt in Deccan region. You can reach the place at 90 kms from Warangal city.
Samakka and Saralamma are powerful tribal goddesses where Saralamma is the daughter of Samakka. Both the women fought against the King who ruled the part of the city with atrocities. As they fought for the welfare of the people, even now the people worship them with dedication and sincerity. The festival is not only attended by the Andhra Pradesh Tribes whereas tribes from Orissa, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Karnataka, and Maharashtra gather here on the festival day to pray the goddesses for their welfare.
Odisha Tribal festival- Karama
‘Karam’ a God or ‘Karamsani’, a Goddess is celebrated as the presiding deity in the festival. They are represented by a branch of the Karam tree. In between August and September, the festival is celebrated. In this ritual, people reach the jungle and cut a few branches of Karam tree. These are carried out by unmarried girls to the village. They plant them on the ground with decorated flowers. Jhankar or Dehuri, a tribal priest offers germinated grams and ale to the deity to acquire wealth and generation.
Nagaland Tribal Festival – Moatsu
The Moatsu Mong festival is celebrated by the Naga people from the Nagaland’s existing tribal community. The Nagas celebrate Moatsu as their harvesting festival. After clearing the field, discarding weeds and sowing the seeds the festival takes place. In this festival, all tribes gather in a place, dance, drink, and slaughter the best-reared animal. The festival ends with healthy competitions and the best rice wine is awarded. Nag tribes pray the god to protect their lands, bless them with a great harvest. Moatsu is observed for 3 whole days. It begins on 1st August and ends on August 3rd. Moatsu is celebrated yearly once after planting the seeds in the farms.
Daman and Diu Tribal festival – Folk Dance Festival
The folk dance festival is a significant part of the Daman & Diu cultural life. The colorful clothes come out from the State Gujarat to celebrate the festival. In the Folk dance festival, Verdigao Dance, Mando dance and Vira dance are performed. All age group people attend the Folk dance festival fervently.
Jharkhand Tribal Festival – Sarhul
Sarhul the grand tribal festival in Jharkhand is celebrated on Chaitra Shukla Tritiya. Tribes celebrate the festival marking the New Year beginning by worshiping Sarhul trees. This festival is celebrated every year during the spring season. It is sincerely dedicated to Dharti Mata – the Mother of Earth. Sal flowers are dedicated to the Sarna and other tribal gods. Tribes across Jharkhand celebrate Sarhul with full enjoyment. Tribal women, men, and children wear colorful dresses and do traditional dances. Hadia, a local beer which is made out of rice concoction, water, and tree leaves.
Featured Photo by Sabbian Paine