Our country India possesses many fascinating palaces and forts. Punjab is one such state where one get to see ancient and historic structures depicting the royal history and rich culture. Maharaja Ranjit Singh who had once controlled Punjab built magnificent forts and palaces containing some complex interior design and architecture. The artistic brilliance of most of these heritage monuments is worth admiring and provides enough information to the historians. The journey of visiting such monuments in Punjab is not only a royal experience but it also displays the authentic revolution associated with it. Here is a list of the best forts and palaces which you must see during your vacations in Punjab.
Anandpur Sahib Fort
Anandpur Sahib Fort is located in Anandpur sahib city in Rupnagar district. One of the devout forts by the Sikhs, the place is Khalsa’s abode thereby making it more spiritual. The fort has Shivalik range on one side and banks of River Sutlej on the other side thus forming a blue border. Bounded with thick walls, the fort has a unique well having a steep staircase in it. It is believed that Guru Gobind Singh Ji spent around 16 years in this fort. One of the real charms of the state of Punjab, the fort was converted into the military headquarter under the leadership of Guru Gobind Singh. It was used for keeping the arms and ammunitions at the time of war. Anandpur sahib fort has a timeless beauty and rich history. Thus, it attracts a large number of tourists throughout the year. Hola Mohalla and Baisakhi festivals are the best time to visit this fort.
Located in the city of Bhatinda, Qila Mubarak is one of the top most heritage tourist attractions in Punjab. Also, known as Bhatinda fort, this prominent historical monument was built by Maharaja Ala Singh in 1764. Razia Sultan, the first and the only women ruler of India’s capital was imprisoned here. The fort has two main parts known as Qila Mubarak and Qila Androon. The Qila Androon was once the residence of the royal family and looks beautiful with the mix of both Mughal and Rajasthani architectural styles. Qila Mubarak is one of the highest forts and it offers a spectacular view of the Bhatinda city from the top. It also served as the perfect guard for the town with strong walls, private architecture and huge citadels. The fort protected the city from the enemy attacks. Due to its calm and serene environment, Qila Mubarak is truly worth to visit, as the astonishing beauty makes you feel to be the part of the ancient era. Moreover, some people choose this place as a picnic spot as well.
The forts in Punjab portray the struggle that the state had gone through at the time of Independence. Located 30 km away from the town of Faridkot on NH15, The Faridkot Fort is the oldest fort in the state of Punjab. The sturdy and tall walls took the most severe attacks in their stride. Numerous stories related to victories are inscribed on the walls of this fort. Faridkot Fort is unique in the sense that it has been built completely with lime mortar and Nanak shahi bricks thus offering a unique ambience to the entire structure. The heavy wooden gate 22 feet high and 14 feet wide stands as a mark of tribute to the bravery of the Sikh community. Apart from this, the fort is known for its Sheesh Mahal which has sophisticated glasswork. It was used as a prayer room by the members of the royal family. October to March is the best time to visit the Faridkot Fort.
Gujar Singh Fort or Gobindgarh Fort is a historic military fortress in the middle of the Amritsar city. Built by the Bhangi Misi Rulers in the year 1760, Maharaja Ranjit Singh captured the fort and was originally made of mud. The fort was renamed Gobind Garh after the name of the Sikh Guru, Guru Gobind Singh Ji. The fort’s architecture follows military style having a parapet and two doors in every corner. Killer Gate is the back entrance and the main entrance is known as Nalwa Gate. Numerous bastions and moat were constructed around the fort to keep the priceless treasures safely. October to March is an ideal time for visiting Amritsar as the climate is quite pleasant.
Also known as Ludhiana Fort, the Phillaur Fort was built in 17th century by the general of Maharaja Ranjit Singh on the banks of River Sutlej. Ludhiana’s most famous and historic tourist spot is now a police academy and is 14 km away from the city in the town of Phillaur. The Phillaur fort is an architectural wonder thus alluring a large number of visitors from far off places. Pir-i-Dastgir and tombs of Muslim saints can be witnessed in its premises. Britishers converted the fort into the Police training centre and presently it is occupied by the Police academy of Punjab. Today, Phillaur fort signifies the symbol of bravery and a glorious monument of the past. November to March is the best time to visit the fort.
The Bahadurgarh fort is a prominent fort in the city of Patiala. It is one of the important places that explain the culture and history of the state of Punjab. Maharaja Aram Singh rebuilt and renovated the fort. Gurudwara Sahib Patshai Nauvin is also present inside the fort’s premises. An old mosque built by Saif Khan in the year 1668 can be seen. The citadel of this fort is so properly designed and planned that the police of Punjab use it as their permanent training venue.