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Chand Baori The Historic Stepwell In Rajasthan

The geographical feature is such that the maximum land of Rajasthan is covered in an arid desert. Moreover, the state also sees very less rainfall every year and thus there is a huge water problem. So, in order to preserve water and harvest the rainwater, in olden times, the royal families considered the construction of stepwells. Stepwell served a utilitarian purpose for domestic chores apart from the gathering time for women. Stepwells is a tradition to India in a way. Having multiple stepwells, Chand Baori is one of the deepest and oldest stepwell in Rajasthan.

Chand Baori is captivating because of its sheer geometry due to the symmetrical steps that run deep down to deliver an astounding depth to this wholesome and beautiful architecture. Although the jharokhas and niches are quirky frames for our selfies, they host a large number of pigeons and other birds. The composition of the stepwell is well made to serve both the utility as well as aesthetic purpose.

Rajasthan’s Pride – The Deepest Stepwell

King Chand Raja belonging to Gujara Pratihara clan had constructed Chand Baori during the period of 8th and 9th centuries. The clan was a ruling authority during that time in Rajasthan. Apparently, the king was claimed to be the descendant of Lord Laxman, Lord Ram’s younger sibling. The stepwell is nearby to famous Harshat Mata temple and it is believed that it was built there due to some holy and religious notions. The whole vicinity is peaceful and harmonious to spend your leisure duration while contemplating life.

Chand Baori is located in a small village of Abhaneri. Abhaneri is situated in the northern part of Rajasthan with an exotic and cultural tradition to experience. While visiting this stepwell the tourist can club Bhangarh Fort nearby.

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Chand Baori, Its Captivating And Ornate Features

The terrific symmetry, the perspective of depth, the exemplary carving and warm and humble standing pillars and jharokhas are to look out for if you visit Chand Baori. It measures 35 metres by its side as it is a square form. This stepwell has 3500 steps, fashioned in symmetry, from all the three sides of the structure. The steps descend until 20 metres from the water level.


Having thirteen floors, Chand Baori is 64 feet deep, enough to store an optimum amount of water. Although the stepwell no longer serves the same old purpose,  nevertheless it draws the attention of millions of visitors every year owing to the exquisite design.  Entering the jharokha at the entrance you will be mind-boggled by the spectacular play of shadow in the rectangular courtyard of the stepwell. The flat side, other than the three sides with steps, at the bottom, has galleries that showcase relief sculptures and balconies. The entire crisscross visual is illusionistic to our eyes.

Rajasthan is rich in culture and traditional aspects. Chand Baori is undoubtedly an epitomizes the state by its notable motifs of architecture.

Photo of ‘Chand Baori stepwell’ by Ted Drake under CC BY-ND 2.0

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