Burhanpur is a historical town on the north bank of the Tapti River in Madhya Pradesh. It is close to the Maharashtra border. Its strategic location earned it the name ‘Dakkan Darwaza’ or Gateway to the South. Burhanpur is named after the Sufi saint Sheikh Burhanuddin Gharib. Burhanpur was ruled by many dynasties but mostly by the Farukhis and the Mughals. Most of the tourist attractions here are the historical monuments and mausoleums and buildings built during the Farukhi dynasty and Mughal dynasty.
This is a strategically important fort on the top of a hill. It is about 700m high above sea level and nearly 230m high from its base. The Asirgarh fort was once considered unconquerable due to its height and the extremely strong outer walls. There is a temple dedicated to Lord Shiva ,a mosque and a palace within the fort.
Originally built by the Farukhi rulers on the banks of the Tripti Riverin 1500 A.D., it later served as the palace where Shahjahan, the Mughal ruler resided. It is believed Shahjahan further added to the opulence of the structure by adding the Zenana Shahi Hammam or the Ladies Royal Bath for his beloved wife Mumtaz Mahal. Built in a mix of Mughal and Iranian styles with domed roofs, the Hammam is a rectangular hallofmarble with an octagonal bathing pool. It is at this palace that Mumtaz Mahal died in 1631. Some fresco paintings on the walls of the fort seem to suggest that they were indeed the inspiration for the famed Taj Mahal that was later built by Shahjahan in memory of his wife. The seven storied fort is mostly in ruins but the extravagance of Mughal architecture during the peak of their rule is still visible in the remains.
Across the Tapti River is the famous deer park or Ahukhana .Initially used as hunting grounds during the Farukhi and Mughal rule, the park was the burial ground for Mumtaz Mahal before her remains were moved to the Taj Mahal.
Built during the Farukhi reign in the 16th century and later completed by Akbar, the Jama Masjid is a well conserved historical monument in Burhanpur. Built with black stone, the ineriors of the Masjid have splendid Islamic architecture with the inner chamber done in sparkling white marble.
Water supply system
Kundi Bhandara – the underground water resource and distribution system that was developed by the Mughals in the seventeenth century demonstrates an unparalleled technique. The main purpose was to avoid drinking water being poisoned by the enemy and to ensure that drinking water was supplied to the army and settlements through underground ducts throughout the year by using gravitational energy only! The area of Burhanpur was blessed by this gift ofan exemplary water supply system from the Mughal engineers.
There are numerous historical monuments that showcase the Mughal architecture and opulence of that era. The Faroukhi Mausoleum, Bibi ki Masjid, the tomb of Shah Nawaz Khan, the Gurudwara are just a few of those that shouldn’t be missed from your itinerary. Burhanpur’s rich heritage and glorious past will leave any person fascinated. Burhanpur is well known for its textile industry. It is the main centre for power-loom industry in the state of Madhya Pradesh. Burhanpur is also the largest producer of bananas in the state.
The railway station at Burhanpur is well-connected to major cities and the nearest airport is at Indore at a distance of 163 km.
Featured Photo by dalbera