Bihar, an eastern state in India has a passion for celebrating the festivals and spiritual fairs. These festivals are famous occasions for social gathering and enjoyment for Biharis. Bihar’s history witnesses that the state was under the influence of Vedic religion. Every fair and festival captivates its own myth and legend behind it. Many pilgrims from all over India participate in the religious festivals. Though Bihar celebrates all North-Indian festivals, yet it has its unique fairs and festivals for its own people Biharis. We bring you here a list of festivals of Bihar!!!
Sonepur Cattle Fair
Photo by jackwickes
The Asia’s largest cattle fair is the Sonepur Cattle Fair which takes place in Sonepur town. Usually, after the grand festival Diwali, on the first full moon day, the fair is held. Here domestic cattle such as birds, sheep, camel, horse, buffalo, and elephant are brought out from in & around the country. These animals are made to demonstrate their strength, skill, and productivity and sold. Magic shows, folk dances, handloom stalls attract everyone besides the cattle fair. From the open air restaurants, zesty snacks and tea are tasted by the visitors. There is a temple of Lord Vishnu, “Hariharnath” where the visitors come, pray and then move. A large number of foreign tourists come every year to attend the Sonepur Cattle Fair, Bihar.
This is the most popular festival in Bihar. This ancient Hindu festival is observed to the light God Sun and the river which is held six days after Diwali. This festival expresses giving thanks to the almighty and seeking blessings for sustaining life on the Earth. People gather on the banks of River Gangs to clean themselves. They do keep a fasting until the late evening. After the Chatth puja, a grand feast of puri, rice, coconut, banana, and grapefruit is served. On the next day, a full day fasting is observed even without drinking a glass of water. Women then go to the river bank and pay their prayers to the Sun God. The fast is considered as over only after the prayers and taking bath in the river. Huge crowd thongs on the river bank during the Chatth puja which witnesses the devotees’ strong faith in the god and nature.
This Mela or festival is observed every year in the month of Shravan (July to August). It starts at Sultanganj, a small hamlet in Bihar. Holy water from the River Ganga is taken by the pilgrims and showered on the Baba Baidyanath Shiva, Deogarh. From Sultanganj to the temple, wearing saffron dyed clothes, more than ten million people form a queue to pray Lord Baba Baidyanath Shiva. The mela begins on the first day of Shravan month and ends on the Shravan Poornima (full moon). Shrawan mela is continued for 30 days which is considered as the longest and biggest religious fair and festival in the globe.
Photo by Belur Math, Howrah
On the day of Baisakh Purnima (a full moon day), the Buddha Jayanti is celebrated and it falls in the month of every May. It has been believed that Buddha was born, flourished and passed away on the full moon day. That’s why the festival has been celebrated on the full moon day. Bodh Gaya and Rajgir are the two towns celebrate Buddha Jayanti in a grand manner.
Photo by GoDakshin
Nag Panchami is a renowned snake festival. There is a danger of snake bite usually happening on the rainy month. In order to avoid such poisonous bite, people offer milk during the festival to pacify the snakes. Rajgir town is the main centre where the festival is celebrated. Nag Panchami festival is celebrated throughout India. This is celebrated on the 5th day of the fortnight in the Shravan month.
The State capital Patna celebrates Pataliputra Mahotsav in the month of every March. Patna shimmers with colorful parades, dance, sports and music programs during the festival time. Many people from all over the country and foreign come here to enjoy the festivity.
“Every state celebrates their own history, culture and festive. With no caste and creed, every one of us shall participate in all the festivals to know more about our nation”