The Best and well-known National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries in North East India are:
1. Balpakram National Park, Meghalaya –
Spread over a region of around 220 sq km, Balpakram National park lies peacefully in the region of Garo hills in Balphakram district of Meghalaya. This unexplored part of North East India is also a home for various flora and fauna. The national park is a heaven for animal lovers where they get the view of many rare animals like red panda, water buffalo, asian elephants and eight different species of cats varying from tiger to marbled cat. Balpakram national park is bird lover’s paradise too as they get to see Magpie-Robin which is the most favourite bird seen in this territory along with Blue-throat Barbet, Red Jungle Fowl, Hoopoe and many more. It is the best place to gaze at millions of glorious butterflies.
The best time to visit is from April to June. It is the best time to see some colourful species of butterflies.
2. Dibru-Saikhowa National Park, Assam –
River Brahmaputra and Lohit on the north and river Dibru in the south, the Dibru-Saikhowa national park is situated calmly in the district of Tinsukia and Dibrugarh in Assam. It is the biggest Salix swamp forest which is also one of the best national parks in North East India. The semi-evergreen and deciduous forest is spread over an area of around 350 km with densely populated canebrakes and grasslands. This animal heaven experiences wet and hot summers and dry and cold winter. This major bio-diversity reserve is home to various wild animal species such as wild horse, water buffalo, langur, tiger and the delightful white-winged ducks and several species of birds. Residing on the banks of Brahmaputra and Dibru river, variety of fishes can also be found here.
Dibru-Saikhowa National Park is best during winter season.
3. Kaziranga National Park, Assam –
Kaziranga National Park is a UNESCO world heritage site spread over an area of around 430 sq km. The park is surrounded by four river including mighty Brahmaputra river along with submerged grasslands, tropical moist deciduous jungles, tropical semi evergreen forests. The main attraction at the Kaziranga National park is the highest number of one-horned rhinoceros which attracts large number of tourists to visit this place. Other animals in the park are gaur, wild elephants, sambar, jungle cat, wild boar, Eastern swamp deer, hog deer, leopard cat, mongoose, Asiatic water buffalo, fishing cat, sloth bear, golden langur and many more. Some of the reptiles are rock python, monitor lizard and king cobra. The park is also a home to several bird species that includes Indian vulture, Bengal florican, Indian white ramped and vulture slender-billed vulture.
The best time to see all these animals dwelling in here is between October to March.
4. Keibul Lamjao National Park, Manipur –
The only floating national park in India, Keibul Lamjao national park is situated in the middle of the Loktak Lake in Bishnupur district of Manipur. Spread over an area of around 40 sq km, the moist semi-evergreen jungle with an extraordinary territorial ecosystem has a combination of terrestrial, wetland and aquatic ecosystem that includes mammals, birds and reptiles. The Keibul Lamjao National Park is home to various tribal communities that includes Brel, Thang and Maril tribes. The reptiles like viper, blue-crested lizard, cobra , krait, python and rat snake amuses the visitors, while impressive varieties of mammals like various species of cats, dancing deer, flying fox are also seen frequently. Bird lovers can enjoy glimpses of spotbill duck, lesser sky lark, kingfishers, black kite, ruddy shell duck, blue-winged teal and cranes.
The best season to visit the Keibul Lamjao National Park is the winter time of year in India.
5. Khangchendzonga National Park, Sikkim –
Spread over an area of around 850 sq km, the Kanchendzonga National Park is the single national park in Sikkim. Situated serenely in the laps of grand Himalayan ranges, the national park is abode to several endangered animals like the Himalayan Black Bear, Snow Leopard, Asiatic Wild Dog and Red Panda. And some mammals’ that includes sloth bear, civet, Himalayan Tahr, civet, Tibetan Wild Ass, Himalayan blue sheep, serow and goral the major attractions. The Kanchendzonga National Park is one of the 18th rich biosphere reserve in India that includes many medicinal herbs, plants and alpine grasses along with oak, birch, fir and maple trees. The national park is also a paradise of birds which has variety of around 500 bird species which includes osprey, blood pheasant, Himalayan griffon, green pigeon, snow pigeon, Tibetan snow cock, eagle and sunbird are seen commonly.
Access to the Kanchendzonga national park requires valid permit from the state and it can be reached only by trekking. The time between April to May is the best time to visit the Kanchendzonga National Park.
6. Manas National Park, Assam –
The world heritage site which receives its name from Manas river in state of Assam. Spreading over a total area of around 950 sq km, the Manas national park is one more admired wildlife destination in Northeast India. The park consists of diverse forest of East-Himalaya variety of moist, Sub-Himalayan semi-evergreen and dry deciduous and Assam valley semi-evergreen alluvial grasslands. The Manas national park provides shelter to some rare and endangered wild life including tiger, Indian Rhinoceros, leopard, golden languor, pygmy hog, Hispid Hare, Assam roofed turtle and Golden Langur. Some commonly sighted mammals are the hoolock gibbons, Asian elephant, Asian water buffalo, chital, barking deer, sloth bear and sambar. Birds like duck, pelican, giant hornbills, eagles, jungle fowls, egrets, herons, ospreys falcons and bee-eaters are the main attractions for bird lovers.
The Manas National Park is encircled by many tribal villages. Many visitors visit these villages while visiting the national park for some more excitement and adventure. Winter is the best season to visit The Manas National Park.
7. Murlen National Park, Mizoram –
Visitors visit the Murlen national park to get the sights of some extinct species such as Malayan giant squirrel, barking deer, serow, black deer, rhesus macaque and hoolook gibbon. The national park which is spread over an area of 200 sq km is also a shelter to a rich source of flora and fauna. The national park is also home to various bird varieties such as dark rumped swift, hume’s pheasant, common patridges, kallej pheasant nad hill myana and animals like Malayan giant squirrel, black deer, barking deer, hoolook gibbon and serow amuses visitor with their frequent sights.
8. Namdapha National Park, Arunachal Pradesh-
Namdhapa National Park which covers an area of 1985 sq km is the biggest national park residing in the state of Arunachal Pradesh in northeast India. The national park is home to four different types of felines which includes tiger, Indian leopard, clouded leopard and snow leopard. The national park is divided into several vegetation such as deciduous forest and semi-evergreen moist trees. The national park is home to several species of reptiles such as mongoose, giant flying squirrel, cats, common palm civet, musk deer, serow, sambar, goral, mammals like Himalayan black bear, red panda, and birds like weavers, eagles, woodpeckers, kingfishers and owls are main attraction here. Also, rare species of birds like blabbers, hornbills are frequent visitors to this place.
The best time is from October to May to visit Namdhapa National Park.
9. Nameri National Park, Assam –
Sitting at the foothills of Himalayas, the Nameri National Park upgrades to be the national park from reserved forest area in the year 1985.Covering almost an area of 200 sq km, it has more than 600 diverse species of plants, the broad deciduous forest has presence of large open grasslands, bamboo brakes and crane. The national park which was mainly established as a reserve to elephants, now it is residence to numerous other rare species like leopards, tigers and Himalayan black bears. Wild boar, pygmy hog, sloth bear, gaur, Indian giant squirrel and capped langur are some of the regular animal groups found here. The sights of several birds like great pied hornbill, white winged wood duck, rufous necked hornbill, babblers, wreathed hornbill and ibis bill is a delight for visitors.
Winter is the best season to visit the Nameri National Park.
10. Nokrek National Park, Meghalaya –
The best place for wildlife photography, Nokrek national park is the World Heritage Site located in the Garo hills in Meghalaya, India. The place is rich source of biosphere with diverse varieties of flora and fauna with the perfect background setting of hills, flowing rivers, waterfalls and thick forest. Animals like the Asian elephant, red panda, marbled cat and tiger are often seen in the Nokrek National Park. Other commonly seen animals are deer, water buffalo and Indian bison. Birds like Magpie-Robins and hornbills are the major attractions for visitors. The visitors visiting Nokrek national park also visits the nearest Siju Cave and the Siju Bird Sanctuary.
The best time to visit the National Park is in the summer season and winter season.
11. Orang National park, Assam –
Spread over an area of about 80 sq km, Orang national park is the rich source of flora and fauna located on the bank of river Brahmaputra, in the state of Assam. The national park is a rich abode of the Indian species one-horned rhinoceros. The place is also a home to mammals including elephant, indian fox, jungle cat, leopard cat, pygmy hog, wild boar, civet, fishing cat, birds like duck, black necked stork, hornbills, eagle, white pelican, gadwall, spot-billed pelican, ruddy shelduck, weaver, woodpecker and kingfisher are frequently seen here and also several species of reptiles.
The best time to view the Orang National Park is during October to April and is closed during monsoon.
12. Phawngpui National Park, Mizoram-
Located in the blue mountains, the Phawngpui National Park is another lesser known park in Mizoram, India. The park which extends over an area of around 550 sq km is also known by the name, Blue Mountain National Park. The national park is the paradise for naturalists and for animal lovers who get the sights of various animal species such as langur, tiger, mountain goat, leopard cat, leopard, serow, Asiatic black bear and goral. The Phawngpui is the tallest mountain tip in the state which is also home to superb variety of birds like blyth’s tragopan, Jungle crow, falcon, dark-rumped swift, hornbills, hume’s pheasant, grey sibia and sunbird.
Period from November until April is the best time to see the Phawngpui National Park.
Photo by travelling slacker
Photo by www.beontheroad.com
Photo by Subharnab
Photo by ustung