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An Inclusive Guide To Indian Cinema And Its History

In modern life, cinema has been the most prominent influence. It’s not just a form of entertainment but also a form of art, most importantly the seventh art alongside photography, literature, painting, architecture, music, and more. The art which combines technology, entertainment, aesthetics, and business, is what cinema is all about. In the modern-day world, it comes with visible prominence. While the film is a technology taken in movies, cinema is its aesthetics. India’s rich prominence in the field of movies is not unknown to anyone. In fact, Indian cinema is one such large and old industry that can never fade away its glory even after the dominating fame of the Hollywood industry.

An Introduction to Bollywood

In the year 1913, the Indian cinema received public screening. Raja Harischandra and director Dadasaheb Phalke are now remembered through the lifetime achievement award which is bestowed by the industry. Dadasaheb Phalke is said to be the father of Indian movies who released the first feature film Dadasaheb Phalke in the year 1913. It was a silent film which garnered immense commercial popularity. After this, several production companies emerged in 1920. Historical and mythological facts and episodes and episodes from Ramayana and Mahabharata dominated during the 1920s. This is the short history of Indian cinema.

An Inclusive Guide to Indian Cinema and Its History
“Photo of India – Hyderabad – 014 – Wild West show at Ramoji Film City” by McKay Savage under CC BY 2.0

Beginning of the Talkies

According to the short history of Indian cinema, Ardeshir Irani’s Alam Ara was the first Indian movie with sound screened in Bombay in the year 1931. It happened to be the first sound film in the country. With its release, there began a new era in the history of Indian cinema. Alam Ara’s music composer was the first music director. And the first song recorded for this offering was De de khuda sung by the legendary W.M. Khan.

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Apart from the first Indian movie with sound, numerous production companies started emerging that led to an increase in the number of film’s release. This also led the building of massive movie halls which marked a significant growth in the increasing number of its audiences. Eminent movie personalities at that time were Chetan Anand, Debaki Bose, S.S. Vasan, Nitin Bose, and more.

Introducing the Regional Films

The country did not just witness the development of Hindi cinema, but it also saw the growth of regional films too. The first ever Bengali film marked the prominence in 1917. With that, producer J.F. Madan’s Nal Damyanti saw the lights of the day with the Italian actors in the lead roles. That didn’t leave the South Indian movie industry behind. The year 1919 witnessed the screening of the first South Indian feature movie in the name of Keechaka Vadham. ‘Jamai Shashthi’ was another prominent movie from Bengal screened in the year 1931. ‘Ayodhecha Raja’ was Marathi film’s first offerings directed by V. Shantaram in the year 1932.

An Inclusive Guide to Indian Cinema and Its History
“Photo of bollywood at the station” by Evan Bench under CC BY 2.0

Advent of New Era

Numerous films witnessed a decline during the WWII. The advent of modern Indian cinema occurred in the year 1947. Notable filmmakers like Bimal Roy, Satyajit Ray, and more were focused on the themes such as survival, miseries of lower classes. Directors also worked on prevalent themes like dowry, malpractices, prostitution, polygamy, and more. In the year 1960, directors like Mrinal Sen and Ritwik Ghatak also focused on real-life themes.

Advent of Pioneer of Masala Movies – Bollywood

According to the history of Indian Cinema, the 1970s witnessed the advent of the Masala movies of Bollywood. The prominent and successful Manmohan Desai was considered as the father of Bollywood Masala movies. That brought Sholay, the groundbreaking movie directed by the legendary Ramesh Sippy. It also made Amitabh Bachchan a Superstar!

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After this, numerous filmmakers came into the picture with actors like Salman Khan, Shah Rukh Khan, Aamir Khan, dominating the industry. Actresses like Madhuri Dixit, Chiranjivi, and Madhuri Dixit also acquired prominent fame. With that, the popularity of Indian cinema is growing with flying colors.

“Featured Photo of Backview Bollywood #39” by Meena Kadri under CC BY 2.0

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