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Aadi Perukku is a festival celebrated mainly in Tamil Nadu during the monsoons. Celebrating this festival is a way through which people pay tribute to Water and acknowledges its irreplaceable value in human civilization.

river cauvery photoPhoto by lensnmatter

Adi Perukku falls on the 18th day (either on 2nd or 3rd August every year) of the month of Adi, which is roughly from mid-July to mid-August. Adi is the fourth month of the year according to the Tamilian calendar. Among the Hindus, the water embodiments, such as rivers, lakes which are believed to be the female avatar of deities. All water-bodies, especially River Cauvery is worshipped by the South Indians at this time and Pujas are offered to show gratitude for the abundant water which is necessary for good crop and agriculture and in turn essential for having prosperity and bringing happiness to people’s lives. Many people gather on this day at the banks of the river Cauvery to pay their respect to the river water and seek blessing for the new cultivation cycle and pray for the removal of obstacles or unwanted calamities which may adversely affect the crops. Aadi is the month in which the seed of the crop is sown and planted as the monsoon rain and abundant river water provides the necessary irrigation water.

river puja photo

Photo by Nicolas Rénac

This age-old festival, which was practiced in ancient kingdoms, is mostly celebrated by women with the view that abundant water will ensure fertility, not only natural but human too. As cultivation cannot sustain without water so does human life. A good outcome from crops will ensure food for all and thus human civilization will continue to thrive. On Adi Perukku, newly-wed couples visit the river and worship mother nature with the aim to have a prosperous and fertile married life. Young unmarried girls offer their prayers too on Adi Perukku with the belief of having good husbands.

See Also -   MahaSivaratri

Special rice-based food such as sengam sadam, puliodharai, elumichha sadam is prepared for this occasion. Folk songs and dances dedicated to mother nature are performed at the river banks at the evening which is also the main attraction of this festival.


There is a story in mythology that on this day of Adi Perukku, Lord Shiva and Lord Vishnu appeared in a single form, known as Sankaranarayanan as a request granted to Devi Parvati. Hence this day and the month is also very auspicious and it is said that worshipping Goddess Lakshmi or Parvati on this day will ensure peace, wealth, prosperity and fertility.

Adi Perukku is such a festival which reminds us that in today’s polluted world it is of utmost priority to appreciate and preserve what mother nature has given us and do our best to retain it in its purest form.

Featured Photo by lensnmatter

Adi Perukku- The Monsoon Festival Of Tamil Nadu

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